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Manetti di Marabottino, Antonio [di Tuccio]

Date born: July 6, 1423

Place born: Florence, Italy

Date died: May 26, 1497

Place died: Florence, Italy

Biographer of early Renaissance artists including Filippo Brunelleschi. Manetti was born to a wealthy family of Florentine merchants and educated privately; he retained partial interest in a silk warehouse in Florence throughout his life. Through his studies, he knew the architect and Renaissance theorist Filippo Brunelleschi and became interested in architecture. A true Renaissance man, he was a mathematician, astronomer and friend of the great renaissance philosopher Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499). Manetti developed as an authority in architecture and may have even designed buildings, but owning to the popularity of his name in Florence, none can be ascribed to him with certainty. In 1466 he was appointed operaio (Councilor) at the Ospedale degli Innocenti, a Brunelleschi designed building of 1419. Around 1480 Manetti appended his account of a life of Brunelleschi, Vita di Filippo Brunelleschi meant to accompany an earlier anecdotal text possibly by Brunelleschi himself, known as Novella del Grasso. The manuscript ends abruptly at the design for Santo Spirito, either because the latter portion was destroyed or it is unfinished. In 1491 Manetti, working under the title of architectus, was part of a panel to select the façade design for the Cathedral in Florence. During that same time, he wrote a second manuscript, Huomini singhularii in Firenze dal MCCCC. innanzi, a more strictly biographical work. Huomini begins with an Italian translation from the second section of the Latin De origine civitatis Florentiae et de eiusdem famosis civibus by Filippo Villani, and concludes with biographies of theologians and other humanists as well as eight Florentine artists, centered around the person of Brunelleschi.

Manetti's Vite di Filippo Brunelleschi is the first comprehensive biography of a single Italian artist to be written in the early Renaissance (Pacciani). It was the model for the later Vite of Giorgio Vasari. Manetti's conception of a history of architecture used the familiar standard model of a Greek acme and Roman decline as a segue to Brunelleschi's Renaissance ("rebirthing") work. Manetti's use of first-hand experiences and excerpts of public documents make his art writing a serious art history as opposed to the anecdotes of famous lives popular at the time. His documentation of Brunelleschi's influence and that of contemporary Florentine culture, illustrates Brunelleschi’s intentional introduction of classical architectural motives into the new Renaissance style. Along with Filarete and later Vasari, Manetti conceived of Renaissance architecture as the civilized rebirth from the barbarian Gothic style (Grodecki). Manetti should not be confused with Antonio di Ciaccheri Manetti (1402-1460), also an architect associated with Brunelleschi works. LS

Home Country: Italy

Sources: Kultermann, Udo. The History of Art History. New York: Abaris, 1993, pp. 11, 12, Pacciani, Riccardo. "Manetti, Antonio (di Tuccio)." Dictionary of Art 20: 262-263; Murray, Peter. "Art Historians and Art Critics, IV: 'XIV uomini singhularii in Firenze.'" Burlington Magazine 99 (1957): 330–36; Tanturli, Giuliano. "Per l'interpretazione storica della Vita del Brunelleschi." Paragone 26 no. 301 (March 1975): 5-25; Grodecki, Louis. "Definitions and Theories/Historical and Physical Circumstances." Gothic Architecture. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1977, p. 9; Zervas, Diane Finiello. "The Parte Guelfa Palace, Brunelleschi and Antonio Manetti." Burlington Magazine 126 no. 977 (August 1984): 494-499.

Bibliography: Vite di Filippo Brunellesch. (Florence, Bib. N. Cent., MS. II, ii, 325, fols 295r–312v), modern reprint, Vita di Filippo Brunelleschi. Milan: Polifio, 1976, English, Saalman, Howard. The Life of Brunelleschi by Antonio di Tuccio Manetti. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1970; Huomini singhularii in Firenze dal MCCCC. innanzi (Florence, Bib. N. Cent. Conventi Soppressi, G.2. 1501, fols 141r-142r); modern reprint, Milanesi, Gaetano. Operette istoriche edite ed inedite di Antonio Manetti. Florence: Successori Le Monnier, 1887, pp. 159–68.

Subject's name: Antonio Manetti; Antonio di Tuccio Manetti di Marabottino