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Mauquoy-Hendrickx, Marie [Florence Léonie], née Hendrickx

Date born: January 13, 1906

Place born: Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Belgium

Date died: ?

Place died: ?

Van Dyck scholar, catalogue raisonné author and curator, Cabinet des Estampes, Bibliothèque royale de Belgique. Marie Hendrickx obtained a doctoral degree in Philosophy and Letters in classics (Histoire de l'Antiquité) from the Université Libre de Bruxelles. In 1929 she joined the Bibliothèque royale de Belgique in Brussels as an intern. Her appointment as librarian followed in 1931. She worked at the Cabinet des Estampes (Printroom) under curator Louis Lebeer. After her involvement in the acquisition of prints from the Joseph Havenith collection, she was charged with cataloging 175 engravings belonging to the so-called Iconographie of Van Dyck. The first editions of this collection of 80 portraits of Van Dyck’s contemporaries, made by various engravers after drawings and paintings by the master, had appeared in the 1630s. During a vacation in the United Kingdom, in 1933, Hendrickx studied prints of the Iconographie preserved in the British Museum. It soon became clear that a new catalog was needed, as a replacement of the 1877 catalog of Franz Wibiral. Hendrickx embarked on this project traveling to Paris and Great Britain as well as to the Netherlands, where she examined the collection of Frits Lugt. After World War II she returned to the Netherlands to visit Print Rooms and to inspect the collection of Johan Bierens de Haan. By that time she was married to René Mauquoy. She was appointed adjunct curator in 1949. In that year, Mauquoy-Hendrickx traveled to Italy on a grant from the Fondation nationale Princesse Marie-José. In the 1950s she visited several collections in Germany. Her catalog, Iconographie d’Antoine Van Dyk. Catalogue raisonné, was published in 1956 by the Académie royale de Belgique. She was elected a corresponding member of the Académie royale d’Archéologie de Belgique in 1958. In 1960 Mauquoy-Hendrickx was appointed curator of the Cabinet des Estampes succeeding Lebeer. In honor of the latter, an exhibition of the acquisitions of the Print Room between 1930 and 1960 was held in 1961. Mauquoy-Hendrickx wrote the catalog with the assistance of Lydia De Pauw-Deveen, Le Cabinet des Estampes. Trente années d’acquisitions, 1930-1960. In 1965 Mauquoy-Hendrickx continued her travels across Europe to study the prints of the Wierix brothers, who worked as engravers in Antwerp between 1570 and 1620. The acquisition of 500 prints of the Wierix brothers, in 1932, from the Havenith collection, eventually had made it necessary to replace the 1866 catalogue raisonné by Louis Alvin (1806-1887). After her retirement, in 1971, she kept working on this project. Her second magnum opus, Les estampes des Wierix conservées au Cabinet des Estampes de la Bibliothèque royale Albert Ier, appeared in three volumes between 1978 and 1983, with an introduction by Lebeer. The art historian Carl van de Velde was responsible for biographical notices and archival documentation in the third volume. Researching the engravings of the Wierix brothers, Mauquoy-Hendrickx found new materials regarding her 1956 catalog, L’Iconographie d’Antoine Van Dyck. At age 80, as honorary curator, she decided to provide a second edition, which appeared in 1991.

Mauquoy-Hendrickx was known for the scrutiny and precision of her research. Her catalog of the prints of the Wierix family was acclaimed, in 1984, by Antony Griffiths in the Burlington Magazine, as the “finest catalogue of old master prints produced since the Second World War.” MD

Home Country: Belgium

Sources: Bulletin de la Bibliothèque royale de Belgique 5 (1961) no 1, p. 3; Remy, Fernand. Le personnel scientifique de la Bibliothèque royale de Belgique. 1837-1962. Répertoire bio-bibliographique. Brussels, 1962; Sulzberger, Suzanne. [review:] “Marie Mauquoy-Hendrickx, 'Les estampes des Wierix…' ” Revue Belge d’Archéologie et d’Histoire de l’Art 47 (1978): 117-118; Wittek, Martin. “Préface” in Mauquoy-Hendrickx, Marie. Les estampes des Wierix, conservées au Cabinet de Estampes de la Bibliothèque royale Albert Ier. Catalogue raisonné enrichi de notes prises dans diverses autres collections. Brussels: Bibliothéque royale Albert Ier, 1978; Wittek, Martin. “Préface” in Mauquoy-Hendrickx, Marie. L’Iconographie d’Antoine Van Dyck. Catalogue raisonné. Second revised edition. 1. Brussels: Bibliothèque royale Albert I, 1991, pp. v-vii; Deveen-De Pauw, Lydia. Momenten in profiel. Tekening & tekst door Lydia Deveen-De Pauw. Brussels: Academic & Scientific Publishers, 2011, p. 180; correspondence, Bibliothèque Royale Brussels, August 2012.

Bibliography:“Recherches sur le portrait de Rockox par Anthonie Van Dyk” Bulletin de la Classe des Beaux-Arts 21 (1939): 67-110; L’Iconographie d’Antoine Van Dyck. Catalogue raisonné. 2 vols. Brussels: Palais des Académies, 1956; Portraits gravés belges. Brussels: Office de Publicité, 1960; and Liebaers, Herman. [exh. cat.] Le Cabinet des Estampes. Trente années d’acquisitions, 1930-1960. Brussels: Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, 1961; Image de Bruxelles: Hôtel de Ville. Brussels: Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, 1962; and Golenvaux, Achille. Un siècle de costumes militaires belges. Brussels: Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, 1963; Les estampes des Wierix, conservées au Cabinet de Estampes de la Bibliothèque royale Albert Ier. Catalogue raisonné enrichi de notes prises dans diverses autres collections. Introduction de Louis Lebeer. Brussels: Bibliothèque royale Albert I, 3 vols. 1978 [actually 1979]-1983; L’Iconographie d’Antoine Van Dyck. Catalogue raisonné. Second revised edition. 2 vols. Brussels: Bibliothèque royale Albert I, 1991; “ Louis Lebeer: biografische schets” Bijdragen tot de geschiedenis van de grafische kunst opgedragen aan Prof. Dr. Louis Lebeer ter gelegenheid van zijn tachtigste verjaardag. Antwerp: Vereeniging van de Antwerpsche Bibliophielen, 1975, pp. 3-5.

Subject's name: Marie Mauquoy-Hendrickx